Study of Power Consumption of Timepix3 Detector
The Timepix3 readout chip—the latest member of the Medipix family of hybrid pixel detectors—brought several new functionalities in comparison with the older Timepix, i.e. a high hit-rate, a time granularity of 1.5625 ns, a data-driven readout scheme (with a per pixel dead time of approximately 475 ns), and the capability of measuring Time-over-Threshold (ToT) and Time-of-Arrival (ToA) in each pixel at the same time. However, the high power consumption of the Timepix3 in the standard setting prevents its use in applications with limited power budget. Moreover, the high power consumption poses the risk of overheating the sensor so that proper cooling is crucial. The presented work investigates the effect of different settings in the analogue and a digital part of the Timepix3 detector on its power consumption. Measurements were performed with the Timepix3 chipboard. The firmware of the Katherine readout was modified so that the user can monitor the power consumptions of analogue and digital part “on-line” (directly in the control software). In standard settings, a power consumption of approximately 1.3 W was found. By changes of internal DACs, the consumption could be reduced to 650 mW. Further reduction was achieved by the change of the clock management in the digital part of the Timepix3. In result, a power consumption of 216 mA could be achieved. In these low power settings, the ToA clock was reduced to 10 MHz and thus the time binning was 100 ns. The energy resolution was not affected significantly. The pixel dead time is also negatively affected when the matrix clock is reduced. In the case of 10 MHz, the minimal per pixel dead time is 1.9 μs.
Burian, P., Broulím, P., & Bergmann, B. (2019). Study of power consumption of Timepix3 detector. Journal of Instrumentation, 14(01), C01001.