Single layer Compton camera based on Timepix3 technology

The Compton camera concept is based on reconstruction of recorded Compton scattering events for incoming gamma rays. The camera usually consist of two or more position (2D) and energy sensitive detectors. The Compton scattering of the incoming gamma ray recoiling an electron occurs in the first detector. The position and energy of recoiled electron is recorded. The scattered gamma ray continues to the next detector where it is absorbed and its energy and position is recorded too. Knowing both positions and energies the scattering angle can be calculated using the Compton equation. By detecting multiple events the position and image of the gamma source can be reconstructed. The Compton scattering and absorption of the scattered gamma can occur within a single detector too. Such events can be used for reconstruction only if the detector provides information on 3D positions of both events along with their energies. The Timepix3, a hybrid single photon counting pixel detector, is perfect device for such measurements. It can record time-of-arrival (ToA) and energy of incident gamma rays simultaneously in each pixel. In this article we present a concept of miniaturized single layer Compton camera consisting of a single Timepix3 detector with a thick 2 mm CdTe sensor. Thanks to Timepix3 high resolution ToA measurement (1.6 ns), it is possible to measure the drift time of charge transport within the sensor and thus determine the vertical position (depth) of both interactions. By knowing both energy and position of the events in the sensor, we can reconstruct the image of the gamma source. The angular resolution of the presented Compton camera depends on the detected energy and reaches the order of a few degrees.

Turecek, D., Jakubek, J., Trojanova, E., & Sefc, L. (2020). Single layer Compton camera based on Timepix3 technology. Journal of Instrumentation15(01), C01014.

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